Faith to Faith

Martin Luther

Martin Luther

Since Romans 1:17 was such a crucial passage in Luther’s understanding the gospel and coming to Jesus I wanted to re-post an article I wrote examining how several scholars translated that passage.

There is an interesting series of blog posts at the Bible Gateway called “Perspectives in Translation” (which is no longer available). Here is the assignment on translating Romans 1:17 and the summary of the responses.

If any Bible passage could be credited for igniting the Protestant Reformation, it’s Romans 1:17. Yet as Luther understood so well, this one verse could inspire a thousand scholarly monographs.

Michael Bird addresses four areas that need to be addressed in rendering a translation for this verse. These include translating dikaiosynē theou (righteousness of God) and ek piesteōs eis pistin (from faith to faith) as well as how to handle textual variants of Habakkuk 2:4. See the end of this post for his translation.

Robert Yarbrough gives five different issues that must be dealt with in translating this verse. He then asks the question which existing translation does the best job. He favors the WEB as the most accurate and defines the term accurate:

as “when the form and substance of the original is rendered as faithfully as possible into another language.”

Douglas J. Moo recommends readers check out his commentary for details on the issues regarding translating this verse. He suggests that “more literal renderings” may not be as easy for the average reader of Scriptures to understand. Translations should focus on communicating to this type of reader. He also questions the idea of “literal” renderings.

We know that there are, in fact, no “literal” equivalents: Perhaps never do the semantic ranges of our Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic words exactly match the semantic range of English words. And the same pertains to syntactical features. … But laypeople, in particular, are badly misled by our language of “literal,” as if “literal” = accurate. It just ain’t so.

Denny Burk prefers the NIV 2011 translation. He disagrees with Moo regarding “literal renderings” and offers this definition:

[a] literal equivalent is not simply substituting form for form—a noun for a noun, a verb for a verb, a participle for a participle, etc.—though sometimes literal includes such substitutions. A literal equivalent is also one that translates a donor form with a receptor form that has a semantic range with as much overlap as possible with the donor form.

I enjoyed reading through each of the replies, however – in my opinion – they were a bit too short (at least for me) to adequately understand and assess the translation issues for this verse. It did prompt me to do some more reading and I recommend checking out Moo’s commentary as well as NET Bible study notes for this verse.

In terms of translation goals, I think Moo is right in noting that translations need to be understood by the average reader of the Bible. Most readers will not compare and contrast different translations and will accept the English translation in front of them. However, I really like Burk’s assessment of literal renderings – they should leave as much interpretation out of the translation as possible and allow for the variant interpretations that the original language allowed for. This question is dealt with more directly by various scholars here. Ray Van Neste says it this way:

The goal of a translation is not to decide the interpretive issue in each case. Rather it is to accurately communicate the original with its ambiguity as much as possible.

Here are a sampling of renderings of Romans 1:17 from several major translations:

NASB

For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “BUT THE RIGHTEOUS man SHALL LIVE BY FAITH.”

NET

For the righteousness of God is revealed in the gospel from faith to faith, just as it is written, “The righteous by faith will live.”

KJV

For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.

NIV 2011

For in the gospel the righteousness of God is revealed—a righteousness that is by faith from first to last, just as it is written: “The righteous will live by faith.”

RSV

For in it the righteousness of God is revealed through faith for faith; as it is written, “He who through faith is righteous shall live.”

WEB

For in it is revealed God’s righteousness from faith to faith. As it is written, ‘But the righteous shall live by faith.

Michael Bird

For in the gospel the saving righteousness of God is revealed, by faith and for faithfulness, just as it is written: ‘The righteous will live by faith.’”

[originally posted on November 24, 2010]

Distributing Sanitary Buckets in Liberia (an update)

For the last two weeks our church has been helping Isaac in his work distributing sanitary buckets. Yesterday, Isaac sent his thanks along with some pictures of the two communities along Marshall Highway that he was able to reach. Marshall Highway is a major dirt road that connects several villages including Ben Town. The Cross Way training center, water well, and school are all off this road.

??????????

Each of the buckets shown is filled with medicine and medical supplies used to disinfect items and to protect the people from the Ebola virus.

??????????

Along with sharing these supplies, Isaac was able to share the Gospel. Over 75 people responded with a profession of faith in Christ.

??????????

Isaac plans to continue that work today in another community. Both the harvest and the work are plentiful, but the workers and resources are few. Please pray that the Lord would protect Isaac and others working in Liberia, that He would raise up more workers, and that the resources to do this work would be provided. You can help Isaac by donating to Cross Way.

Ebola, Sanitary Buckets, and You

Truly I say to you, to the extent that you did it to one of these brothers of Mine, even the least of them, you did it to Me – Jesus (Matt 25:40)

In March of this year I had the amazing opportunity to travel to Ben Town, Liberia with Dean Chollar and Bruce McIntosh of CrossWay International. In Ben Town, CrossWay has started a school, built a training center, and had a well drilled (read about some of their work here).

CrossWay_BenTownI was invited to teach at a Pastor’s Conference where we helped 15-20 (depending on the day) pastors understand their role, learn how to study the Bible, as well as taught from the Gospel of Mark. On this trip I got a chance to experience first hand third world living conditions. Continue reading