Faith, we all know that without it we can’t please God, nor can we have eternal life. It is through faith that we are placed in Christ and it is in Him that we receive every spiritual blessing. But have you ever stopped to think about how you would describe faith?
Would you describe faith as a gift? Something that is given to you by God. Or would you understand it as an act in which you expressed your trust in God, convinced that He will fulfill all of His promises? Continue reading
Harry Frankfurt is a philosopher noted for defending a compatibilistic view of free will. He is widely recognized for his paper “Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsiblity” (link) in which he argues that the principle of alternate possibilities (PAP) is not necessary to assign moral responsibility. He does this through examples that have become quite popular, even being referred to as Frankfurt stories. This approach is considered, by some, to have successfully shown how moral responsibility can be assigned in a world in which PAP does not exist. Since Reformed theology affirms determinism and a compatibilistic view of free will (link), the Frankfurt stories are sometimes used to bolster their position (see this post as an example). But do Frankfurt stories do what their proponents claim?
What is PAP?
Frankfurt offers the following definition, which aligns with the idea of a libertarian free will (LFW).
This principle states that a person is morally responsible for what he has done only if he could have done otherwise.
He follows that with the following assessment:
the principle of alternate possibilities is false. A person may well be morally responsible for what he has done even though he could not have done otherwise.
The following infographic tries to capture key prophetic information about the Messiah in a timeline. The goal was not to show all of the prophecies that the Old Testament contains but rather to highlight when new information was revealed. This allows us to quickly understand what was known about the Messiah at various points in time.